Japanese Karate Terminology
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All basic terms and Japanese words you will need in karate. Most of these words will be picked up during a regular karate session.


.

Counting

 

Counting English

Counting Japanese

Placing English

Placing Japanese

1

ichi

1st

sho

2

ni

2nd

ni

3

san

3rd

san

4

shi

4th

yon

5

go

5th

go

6

rocku

6th

rocku

7

sichi

7th

sichi

8

hachi

8th

hachi

9

ku

9th

ku

10

ju

10th

ju

100

Hyaku

 

 

1000

Sen

 

 

.. .

 

                                             Punches

 

.

English Punch

            Japanese Punch

Punch

            Zuki

Punching

            Tsuki

3 punch technique

            Sanren zuki

Lunge Punch

            Oi Zuki

Straight Punch

            Choku Zuki

Reverse Punch

            Gyaku Zuki

Front snap or jab

            Kizami Zuki

Roundhouse Punch

            Mawashi Zuki

Hook Punch

            Kake Zuki

Dropping punch

            Otoshi Zuki

Bow Punch

            Yumi Zuki

U Punch

            Awasa Zuki

Wide U Punch

            Yama Zuki

Close Punch

            Ura Zuki

Rising Punch

            Age Zuki

Consecutive punching

            Dan Zuki

Scissors punch

            Hasami Zuki

Parallel Punch

            Heiko Zuki

Augmented punch

            Morote Zuki

Flowing punch

            Nagashi Zuki

Alternate punching

            Ren Zuki


.
.

 

                                              Kicks

 

English Kick

       Japanese Kick

Kick

       geri

Kicking

       keri

Back leg kick

       Ushiro ashi geri

Front kick

       mae geri

Front leg Kick

       mae ashi geri

Side snap kick

       yoko geri keage

Side thrust kick

       yoko geri kekomi

roundhouse kick

       mawashi geri

back kick

       ushiro geri

crescent kick

       mikazuki geri

stamping kick

       fumikomi geri

cutting kick

       Fumikiri geri

reverse roundhouse kick

       gyaku mawashi geri

Back roundhouse kick

       Ushiro mawashi geri

jumping kick

       tobi geri

Knee Kick

       Hiza Geri

Groin Kick

       Kin Geri

Axe / Heel kick

       Kakato Geri

Combination kick

       Renzoku Geri

.
.
 

                                      Spearhands

 

English Spearhands                            

Japanese Spearhands

Spearhand

Nukite

1 finger spearhand

Ippon Nukite

2 finger spearhand

Nihon Nukite

4 finger spearhand

Shihon Nukite

.
.
.

 

                              Grades & Teaching

 

English terms

     Japanese term

Grade below black belt

     Kyu

Level of black belt

     Dan

Teacher

     Sensei

Senior grade

     Sempai

Junior grade

     Kohai

Same grade

     Dohai

.
.
.

 

                                       Instructions

 

English Instructions

     Japanese Instructions

Ready

     Yoi

Start / Begin

     Hajime

Stop

     Yamae

Finish / Relax

     Enyoi

Bow

     Rei

Turn

     Mawate

Take up position

     Kamaete

Meditation

     Mokuso

.
.
.

 

                                          Sparring

 

English sparring

   Japanese Sparring

Sparring

   Kumite

Basic one step sparring

   Kihon Ippon Kumite

Freestyle one step sparring    

   Juyu ippon kumite

Freestyle sparring

   Juyu Kumite

3 step sparring

   Sanbon kumite

5 Step sparring

   Gohon Kumite

Return one step sparring

   Kaeishi ippon kumite

Freestyle return sparring

   Okuri Juyu ippon kumite

Basic sparring

   Kihon kumite

-

 

 

-

 

                                       FIST (KEN)

 

 

 

 

English

    Japanese

Fore Fist

    Seiken

Backfist

    Uraken

Fore knuckle fist / flat fist

    Hiraken

Bottom Fist / Iron Hammer

    Tetsui

Hammer Hand

    Shutsui

Hammer fist

    Kentsui

Middle finger knuckle fist

    Naka dakka Ippon Ken

Fist

    Ken

 

-

 

-


 

                                ARMS (UDE OR WAN)

 

 

English

     Japanese

Arm

     Ude / wan

Fore arm

     Mae ude

Elbow

     Empi

Shoulders

     Kata

Palm arm / lower arm

     Shuwan

Back arm

     Haiwan

outer arm

     Gaiwan

Inner arm

     Naiwan

Arm stick

     Shubo

Sword arm

     Wanto

Elbow

     Hiji

-

-
-

 

 

-
                      FOOT (ASHI) & LEG (ASHIBO)

 

English

      Japanese

Foot

      Ashi

Instep

      Haisoku

Ankle

      Ashi Kubi

toe

      Ashi Ubi

tip of toes

      Tsumasaki

ball of foot

      Koshi

outside foot edge / Sword foot

      Sokuto

inside foot edge / Sole

      Sokutei

raised sole

      Jo Sokutei

sole of foot

      Ashi no ura

Heel

      Kakato

Round heel

      Ensho / Enju

leg

      AshiBo

knee

      Hiza

kneecap

      Hizagashira

Hips

      Koshi

Thigh

      Momo

Shin

      Sune

-
-
                        Other Parts Of The Body

 

English

    Japanese

Face area

    Jodan

Stomach area

    Chudan

Lower area

    Gedan

Groin

    Kin

Hair

    Kaminoke

Face

    Kao

Teeth

    Ha

mouth

    Kuchi

neck

    Kubi

Lip

    Kuchiburu

head 

    Atama

nose

    hana

tongue

    Shi-ta

chin

    Ago

eyes

    Me

chest

    Mune

stomach

    Hara

back

    Senaka

ears

    Mimi

Throat

    Nodo

Navel

    Tanden

-
-
                                 Stances (Dachi)

 

English

   Japanese

Stance

   Dachi

Informal attention stance (45 degrees)

   Musubi Dachi

Informal attention stance (toes touching)

   Heisoku Dachi

T Stance

   Teiji Dachi

L Stance

   Renoji Dachi

Cat stance

   Neko Ashi dachi

Crossed stance

   Kosa Dachi

open leg stance

   Hajiji Dachi

inverted open leg stance 

   Uchi Hajiji Dachi

parallel stance

   Heiko Dachi

square stance

   Shiko Dachi

side stance / horse riding stance

   Kiba Dachi

back stance

   Kokutsu dachi

front stance

   Zenkutsu Dachi

hourglass stance

   Sanchin Dachi

rooted stance

   Fudo/Sochin dachi

half moon stance

   Hangetsu dachi

one leg stance

   Ippon ashi Dachi

heron leg stance

   Sagi ashi dachi

crane leg stance

   tsuru ashi dachi

one knee stance

   kata ashi dachi

twisted stance

   moto dachi

freestyle stance

   ju dachi

kneeling position

   seiza

-
-
-

 

                                     HAND (TE)

 

 

English

    Japanese

Hand

    Te

Knifehand

    Shuto

Back Hand

    Haishu

Finger

    Ubi

Wrist

    Tekubi

Thumb

    Oyayubi

Ridge hand

    Haito

Open hand

    Kaisho

Bear hand

    Kumade

Palm heel

    Teisho

Eagle hand

    Washide

Chicken head wrist

    Keito

Tiger mouth / Tiger jaw

    Koko

Spearhand

    Nukite

Bent wrist

    Kakuto

ox jaw hand

    Seiryuto


 

 

© 2010 by ZOKU Shotokan Karate.
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